Barone Fortress was built in 1646 on Vidakuša, the 80 meter-high hill above the city. Along with the other three fortresses in Šibenik, it represents a unique defence system which resisted the enemies of the city for centuries. Today, it has an exceptional monumental value recognized across Europe.
Fortress was designed by a Genovese engineer Fr. Antonio Leni, and the construction was organized and monitored by baron Christoph Martin von Degenfeld, a German nobleman in Venetian service, the commander of Šibenik’s defence. Later, the citizens named the fortress Barone, to honour their saviour, instead of naming it after the church of St. Vitus. The other fortresses in Šibenik were named after the sacral buildings in their vicinity, but in the eyes of the people of Šibenik, the baron became the fourth saint and guardian, after the heroic story of the defence.
Source: Barone Fortress