It is believed that the greatest traveler and explorer of all time, Marko Polo, was born in Korčula in 1254.
The great naval battle between the Genoese and the Venetian fleets takes place in front of the town of Korčula; the Venetian fleet is defeated, and the Genoese have, among their prisoners, the great Marko Polo, who is freed on payment of a large ransom in 1299.
In a Genoese prison, Marko Polo dictated his experiences about his journey to China to Rustichelli. These journeys are described in a book “Il Milione”. Marko Polo died in Venice in 1324.
The family house of the Polos in Venice was replaced by a theatre, whereas Korčula has preserved his family house in memory of the great Marko. Today the Depolo family remains the oldest Korčulan families.